Crimea Medal with clasps 'Alma', 'Balaklava', 'Inkermann', 'Sebastopol'
We don't know anything about John's family or early life. He joined the Army and served as a Private in the 63rd Regiment of Foot. He was given the service number 3314. This suggests he enlisted in early 1853.
At this time the 63rd Regiment were stationed in Dublin, Ireland. The Crimean War broke out in October 1853, and Britain and France declared war on Russia in March 1854. At first the 63rd Regiment was not intended to take part in this fighting, so it sent large numbers of soldiers to reinforce other Regiments that were. In June however, the British plans changed and the 63rd Regiment was ordered to prepare to go to war. John arrived in the Crimea, then in Russia but today part of the Ukraine, in September 1854.
John and the 63rd Regiment played a minor role in the Battle of the Alma on the 20th September. They then moved to Cathcart's Hill, where they joined the siege of Sevastopol. The Russians attacked these forces at the Battle of Balaklava on the 25th October.
John took part in this battle, which ended in a Russian victory and led to a much larger battle on the 5th November, at Inkerman.
The Russians were again the attackers, but the 63rd Regiment were ordered to counterattack. After vicious hand to hand fighting they pushed the Russians back to a position called the Barrier. The Russians were determined to take this position, but the regiment held them off. The 63rd Regiment lost around 18 men killed and around 100 wounded during the fighting.
The winter of 1854-55 was harsh, and the British soldiers were poorly equipped. Warm clothing and shelter were in particularly short supply, and this meant that far more soldiers died of disease or exposure than were killed by the Russians. Many of John's comrades died, but he seems to have come through unharmed.
The British and French continued the siege of Sevastopol throughout 1855. They launched a final attack on the city on the 8th September 1855 and had captured it by the next day. John took part in this attack. He may also have been involved in the capture of the Russian fort of Kinburn in October.
The Crimean War ended in February 1856, and the 63rd Regiment left the Crimean Peninsula on the 6th May. They were heading for Halifax, in Nova Scotia, Canada.
Only 8 officers and 45 men served with the 63rd Regiment throughout the entire war. One of them was a Private Tadd, and we believe this was John.
We don't know how long John stayed in the Army, or anything about the rest of his life.